With improving technology each day and increasing dependency on internet
technology, there is an increase in cyber-attack threats threatening national security and
economy. The United States being a first world country with a developed economy and with
its infrastructure connected to the internet, both its private and private sectors face this threat.
With an increase in cyber-attacks, the U.S. government has developed capabilities to handle
and manage the increasing threats.
By seizing computers belonging to companies or organizations, the organizations face
reduced productivity and incur loses trying to mitigate damages created by the attacks.
According to Berr, the 2017 WannaCry ransomware cyber-attack that was connected
to North Koreas’ Lazarus Group crippled computers in over 150 countries worldwide,
causing losses worth more than $4 billion because of reduced productivity during the attack
and mitigation process. It was also linked to the cyber-attack of Sony Pictures in 2014, which
led to the infiltration of the company’s emails, and copying of films that were yet to be
released costing the company losses worth $15 million. Through incurring great loses, it is evident that cyber-attacks can threaten a nation’s economy.
For these reasons, the U.S. government has come up with strategies, which include
sharing of information among security agencies to manage and respond to the threats. Sharing of information among the security agencies improves the ability of organizations to defend themselves against cyber-attacks. In case the DoD detects malicious cyber activities, the agency can share the information with other agencies such as Department of Homeland Security and other agencies thus increasing the nation’s ability to manage the threats.
Although there are strategies in place already, there is a need to partner with other countries in order to come up with uniform policies on cybercrimes as cybercriminals take advantage of geographical locations where there are no penalties for some forms of cybercrimes. Uniform policies will help in managing the threats, as the attackers will not take advantage of places without strict policies on cybercrimes to carry out their crimes.